Religion offers a prodigious prearrangement for a better afterlife to some, but does it offer benefits to individuals now which exceeds the efforts of practicing their religion? Securing a mansion in the afterlife is highly desirable but how about right now? In a very large study, over 20,000 subjects, life satisfaction, character strengths, and orientation to happiness were stronger in those who actively practiced a religion.1 Furthermore, believing and having religious affiliations offered no benefit without practicing the religion actively.
Practicing a religion does not have to be limited to attending religious services. Daily private prayer has been shown to produce significant health benefits.2 Further, religious activity was shown to provide the most benefit if started before the onset of health problems.3
Sustained existence is increased in those practicing religious activities but other confounding factors rather than the religion per se, such as support and additional socialization might be the reason. Musick explored alternatives and found a 30% reduction in mortality over a 7.5-year study.4 This was after the elimination of the influence of possible confounding healthy behaviors.
Studies have confirmed that practitioners of religion live longer by avoiding death and more people die from heart attacks and stroke than any other causes. A study illuminated why: the markers (blood tests) for having future vascular problems were measured and were significantly lessened in religious people attending services.5 The study participants (over 10 thousand) were tested and the criteria were attending religious services forty or more times within the last year.
Religious observance, termed religiosity, has many accompanying values. In a study of children’s religiosity in high-risk children who had a family with serious depressive problems, high-risk children that were noted to be religious were 64% to 76% less likely (depending on the diagnosis) to experience psychological problems as they grew older. WOW!
In another study, older people who had religious doubts such as whether my illness is because “God abandoned me” were more apt to die.6 So, don’t put any negative beliefs into your situation. Please!
However, discerning people desire to understand the “how did this happen” or “did God look down and favor these children”? Perhaps? But, if God is involved according to the holy literature and available experiences, He seems to employ physical methods ─ not magic. Among all the psychological traits known to science, resilience has the most influence in reducing aging’s detrimental outcomes. Scientific studies looked at the degree of the influence spirituality had on resilience and it was considerable.7 SO, BOUNCE BACK!
A scientifically oriented mind might consider that deeply religious scientists might be biased toward religion’s benefits. However, there are thousands of positive conclusions on various ways of studying the subject of the helpful personal effects that religion can bestow. Before each major operation, I asked patients to meet with a religious person of their own or the hospital Chaplain and I had the lowest mortality rates in the published literature!
- Berthold A, Ruch W. Satisfaction with life and character strengths of non-religious and religious people: it’s practicing one’s religion that makes the difference. Frontiers in Psychology 2014;5:876.
- Chida Y, Steptoe A, Powell LH. Religiosity/spirituality and mortality. A systematic quantitative review. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 2009;78:81-90.
- Helm HM, Hays JC, Flint EP, Koenig HG, Blazer DG. Does private religious activity prolong survival? A six-year follow-up study of 3,851 older adults. The Journals of Gerontology Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences 2000;55:M400-5.
- Musick MA, House JS, Williams DR. Attendance at religious services and mortality in a national sample. Journal of health and social behavior 2004;45:198-213.
- King DE, Mainous AG, 3rd, Pearson WS. C-reactive protein, diabetes, and attendance at religious services. Diabetes Care 2002;25:1172-6.
- Pargament KI, Koenig HG, Tarakeshwar N, Hahn J. Religious struggle as a predictor of mortality among medically ill elderly patients: a 2-year longitudinal study. Arch Intern Med 2001;161:1881-5.
- Vahia IV, Depp CA, Palmer BW, et al. Correlates of spirituality in older women. Aging & Mental Health 2011;15:97-102.